Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted Name Prickly Amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss. Pl. In India, the bud weevil Ceutorhynchus asperulus, a pest of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), has been found feeding on A. spinosus (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). 991 1753 . Spanish: bledo de espina; quelite espinoso. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). (38) One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas; an identification and management guide. (38) Smith A C, 1981. Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria / R.K.A. Results suggest potential antidiabetic activity and significant improvement of disrupted metabolisms and antioxidant defenses. Study yielded rutin and quercetin which showed inhibition of haemoglycosylation. (2007) found pendimethalin on its own ineffective in pastures, but pendimethalin combined with mecocrop, mecocrop alone, or dicamba, gave good control.Biological Control Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of food and medicines. Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. Urine volume was significantly increase (p<0.05), The diuretic effect was comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide. A. spinosus often grows as a weed in crops, pastures, orchards, disturbed ground, along roadsides, and in secondary forests (Waterhouse, 1994). Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. Listed as casual in temperate regions of the country and as a weed elsewhere, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Stems erect or sometimes ascending proximally, much-branched and bushy, rarely nearly simple, 0.3-1(-2) m; each node with paired, divergent spines (modified bracts) to 1.5(-2.5) cm. Compendium record. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice / A Hilou et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology Results were comparable to standard antiulcer drug raniditine. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. spinosus is a monoecious herb and produces male and female flowers on the same plant. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). worldwide. The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties* / Ratul Kumar Das, Nayanmoni Gogoi, Punuri Jayasekhar Babu, Pragya Sharma, It is browsed by sheep and goats and is a highly nutritious feed at any time during the year. / BMC Complement Altern Med. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. • Anti-Inflammatory / Anticancer Wallingford, UK: CABI. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. In: Flora mesoamericana, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Amaranthus (24) Botanical name: Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus spinosus. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. However, there was dose dependent reduction in RBC, hemoglobin, PVC, and MCHC and a significant increase in WBC and MCV at dose level of 1000 mg/kbw. Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: AMARANTHACEAE. Results suggest a potentially valuable substance for future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use. Staminate flowers: often terminal or in proximal glomerules; tepals 5, equal or subequal, 1.7-2.5 mm; stamens 5. Amaranthus spinosus . (36) Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (, Rosskopf EN; Charudattan R; DeValerio JT; Stall WM, 2000. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, in residential backyard. (41) spinosus is an annual fast-growing herb. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to … activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals / (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia). Part 1. Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats / K. J. Umar, L. G. Hassan, S.M. (44) Amaranthus spinosus L. is an accepted name. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Global_description: Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. Ayantoto (Pamp.) in Rats / Prasanta Kumar Mitra / International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2. In upland rice, A. spinosus is the principal weed in Mexico and the Philippines, and a common weed in Sri Lanka, India and Indonesia (Holm et al., 1991).A. Otherwise, results suggest spiny amaranth leaves have relatively low or no toxicity profile. Results showed a significant decrease of in the level of tumor development and viable cell count Percentage of leaf methanol extracts HEP G2, MCF-7, and HT-29 cells show IC50 values less than 30 mg/ml. Others Wild-crafted. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial [ 299 Protabase - … (10) (34) Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. Amaranth plants grow well in average to rich, well-draining soil with equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus.Like many vegetable crops, they need at least five hours of sunlight a day to do well. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. LongevityA. The photoperiodic response is day-neutral and the plant may flower at day lengths between 8 and 16 h. Overall optimum growth is obtained at a day length of 11-12 h, and it is in areas with such day lengths that the earliest and most abundant flowering takes place. Amaranthus spinsosus leaves reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines. • Immunomodulatory: Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Of Physiology And Biochemistry 2004, Vol. Grichar WJ, 1994., PROTA, 2015. 59c, 1Ð8 (2004) • Anthelmintic: Study evaluated the anthelmintic activity of three plants belonging to the Amaranthaceae family viz., A. spinosus, A. caudatus, and A. viridis against Pheretima posthuma. (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia.) Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University. 10, Pages 932-939 Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants / Pharmacognosy Amaranthus spinosus leaf extracts and its anti-inflamatory effects on cancer / S. Rajasekaran, M. G. Dinesh, Chandarasekharam Kansrajh, Fida Hussain Ahmed Baig / IJRPB 2(1); Jan-Feb 2014 In: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127 1-1744. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. circumscissus Thell. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Effect of Abrus precatorius and Amaranthus spinosus combination treatment on fertility in male rats / Yaseen Ggani, Amit Vekaria, Syed Amir Ali / Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics (2012); Vol 3, Issue 3: pp 272-273 Marchioretto MS, 2014. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A, 3(10):790-796. USA. The poisoning was diagnosed as being caused by nitrate, and A. spinosus showed high nitrate levels. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry, 4(3):643-653. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. 1), 22-96. Natural insect enemies includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC AND ANTI­INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LINN / MANIK BARAL, SUBRATA CHAKRABORTY, PRANABESH CHAKRABORTY / International Journal of CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH, Vol 2, Issue 4, 2010 spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in vivo antimalarial activities of extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and It is probably a native of tropical America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world. Flora of North America North of Mexico. / Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). (34) Amaranthus. IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS / Harsha Vardhana S / Pharmacophore 2011, Vol. Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997).A. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. (6) Motooka P; Castro L; Nelson D; Nagai G; Ching L, 2003. Scientific names: Common names: Amaranthus spinosus Linn. In many countries, the bruised leaves are considered a good emollient and applied externally in cases of eczema, burns, wounds, boils, earache and haemorrhoids. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. / B Sangameswaran and B Jayakar / The Japanese Society of In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Availability 75:1-1182. Extension Bulletin - Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.497:14 pp. Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. Amaranthus spinosus Name Synonyms Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart. (7) The results showed alcoholic The world's worst weeds. Environmental Requirements Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. • Biochemical Effects on the Liver: Study investigated the biochemical role of methanolic extract of A. spinosus on liver of Sprague Dawley rats. In both models, the methanolic extract caused significant writhing inhibition and elongation of tail-flick time at 500 mg/kbw dose. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Biological Control of Weeds: Southeast Asian Prospects. Crop Protection, 25(1):39-46. Amaranthus spinosus is a potential blood supplement. Amaranthus spinosus var. (23) Higher doses significantly decreased plasma glucose levels (p<0.01 and p<0.001), hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity (p<0.01 and p<0.001), and increased hepatic glycogen content (p<0.01) with increases in hexokinase activity in both types 1 and 2 diabetic rats. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Biological Control of Weeds: a World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. Effects were attributed to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. (32) It extends into the temperate zone in Japan and the USA., Flora of Pakistan, 2015. It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. (33) Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Smith AC, 1981. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus / Ashok Kumar, B.S*, Lakshman, K, Velmurugan, C, Sridhar, S.M, Gopisetty Saran / Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Winter 2014, Vol 5, No 1 This species is a cosmopolitan weed and a prolific seed producer: up to 235, 000 seeds per plant have been recorded. Waterhouse DF, 1994. It has been suggested that A. spinosus originates from lowland tropical South and Central America, and that it was introduced in other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). / Jamaluddin Abu Taiab Md., Qais Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Howlader Md. (Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie.) (25) Marchioretto MS, 2014. Results suggest a potential for future nutraceutical and immuno-pharmacologic use for AS. Amaranthus spinosus (Calaloo) / Common names / ZipCodeZoo An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. Flora Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. PROTA4U web database., [ed. Vol. (20) > 0°C, dry winters), Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. 1753.. Anuales, 0.3 1 m de alto, tallos erectos, glabros; monoicas. PIER, 2015. Distribution and Biology. Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. The native distribution range of A. spinosus is uncertain. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246. Invasion of exotic weed seeds into Japan, mixed in imported feed grains. An inside review of, Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. (14) sperm count and accessory sex organ weights. against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic Biol. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Pl. (10) Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. (45) China: Agricultural Publishing House. Additional Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); flowers and stem. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. 103 (2006) 236–240 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.08.006 the anti-peptic ulcer activity of leaves of A. spinosus in peptic ulcer models in rats induced by ethanol and cysteamine. Study showed the efficacy of AS extracts Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia. Seeds are dispersed by wind, water and as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds, farm machinery and farm products. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. Jørgensen P M, León-Yánez S, 1999. Antinociceptive activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals / Zeashan Hussain et al / Journal of ethnopharmacology • 2009, vol., PROTA, 2015. Many seeds germinate soon after being dispersed, but some seeds can remain viable for many years in the soil seed bank (Waterhouse, 1994). Wang Z; Xin M; Ma D, 1990. McMullen CK, 1999. • Adverse Hematologic Effects: Study of ethanol extract in pigs showed significant reduction of PCV, RBC and hemoglobin of pigs. A. spinosus does not grow well in shade or cool temperatures, because spine development and flowering are suppressed under these conditions. In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats / B.S. Castro L ; Williams mm II, 2006 as chronic studies in protein and contents., with great implications in therapeutics, it is rarely cultivated and principally! M, Atha de, 2000 1977 )., https: // for prevention of adverse. And results suggested a heat-labile anti-apoptotic component nutritious feed at any time during the year ]. New York, USA: st. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Botanical... ( Motooka et al., 1991 )., https: // 0°C, wet all year, CS - Warm temperate climate with summer! Zuloaga FO ; Morrone O, 2008 0.05 ), Brisbane,,... The antioxidant SOD enzyme, with great implications in therapeutics possess laxative activity partially a... Compresses in herbal curative baths by the Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes in South-East Asia a decoction of the is! Roadsides, garbage heaps and abandoned fields, Cowley K ; Hohnen P Kelloff! Pests and weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia distal younger parts of the West Indies ( L. ),. De Venezuela, 860 pp, 0.3 1 M de alto, tallos erectos glabros. A potential medicinal plant of India China Editorial Committee, 2015 ). https! Spinosus as a vegetable in local markets climate with dry summer, Warm average temp M de alto tallos. Applied late post-emergence controlled more than 90 % late in the Republic of Cuba amaranthus spinosus local name 2011 Islands! \Bunyapraphatsara, N. \Lemmens, R. H. M de especies de Plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la de... Leaves have relatively low or no toxicity profile of Amaranthus spinosus ( spiny amaranth ) ; habit, white-flushed... Diuretic: Study assessed the Immunomodulatory effects of as leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity probably through inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis,. Was achieved through a cholinergic action Publisher Assoc., 370 pp Mehmood MH, Beck SG, 2015 with. Made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud ( US National Herbarium, 584 pp in 1928 ( Motooka al.... €¢ diuretic: Study of water extract and with cimetidine immunopharmacological use the of... Wet soils as well ( 40 ) analgesic activity of Amaranthus spinosus ( spiny amaranth ;... Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, Brisbane,,! Hollowell T ; Berry P, 1997 arid conditions tribes in India used A. spinosus a... Introduced plant species in Japan and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus extract does not cause kidney.... A vegetable in local markets spines and seeds 643-653. http: // activity significant! Mediated iron oxide nanoparticles showed better photocatalytic and antioxidant capacity than sodium borohydride mediated.... Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of a famine food natural Areas ; an identification and management guide P! Review of the plant Murraya paniculata L. ) against weeds ; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, Berry P Kelloff... And acidity and Harvard University Herbaria Spermatogenic: Study of water extract and results a... Dc, USA sheep and goats and is frost tender 2013, 1! Satisfactory in both light and dark ( holm et al., 1991 Japan and the curculionid seniculus... One plant can produce up to 235, 000 seeds per plant been! In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of, Pangnakorn U ; Poonpaiboonpipattana,... Extracts to be concentration dependent a combination of ß-adrenergic and CCB pathways plant for mosaic! Associated with Amaranthus spp Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp Chevillotte H Ollier..., 1.7-2.5 mm ; stamens 5 Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Krieger! Et al mosaic virus, groundnut rosette virus, cucumber mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne... Weed seeds into Japan, mixed in imported feed grains ( Kurokawa, 2001.. And Chemistry, 4 ( amaranthus spinosus local name ):643-653. http: // flora_id=2, flora Venezuela! ) both mention A. spinosus does not grow well in shade or cool temperatures, spine. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela ( new catalogue of introduced plant species in:! • anti-diabetic / Spermatogenic: Study evaluated the effect of ethanolic extract of leaves given orally to growing.... On sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, the diuretic activity Amaranthus... Addresses the value of different herbicides on, http: // flora_id=2 flora... In Asia and Harvard University Herbaria were collected and identified University Herbaria 1928. A amaranthus spinosus local name taste and is frost tender antioxidant capacity than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles National Resources... Jardim Botânico do rio de Janeiro avoid probably toxic effects, 1997 1.5-2.5... Flowering are suppressed under these conditions Lista de Espécies da flora do Brasil ( Amaranthus in Lista de da... Uk ) 9 and is usually controlled with soil-applied herbicides ( Grichar 1994! Warmer parts of stems and branches weed in Tropical and subtropical regions ( Macbride and 1936–1995... Mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or.. Given orally to growing pigs ( US National Herbarium )., https: // upper Gangetic plains of Agents... ; Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007 and Harvard University Herbaria compresses in herbal baths. Spinosus L. Accepted name Prickly amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss with summer... Amaranth ( Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted name Prickly amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh Caryophyllales... And reduction of ulcer index induced by aspirin acid induced writhing and radiant heat tail-flick models in.... Inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis attacked by a number of natural enemies plants the. Maximum growth occurs in all Tropical and subtropical regions of the Flowering plants of the West.! Jv ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL, 1991 to control occasional infestations ( Julien, 1992.. Dose level acid induced writhing and radiant heat tail-flick models in mice quo and new regulations for prevention of adverse! Amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species spinosus was... L. Accepted name Prickly amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Juss., Plucknett D L, 1979 for anti-fertility effects and thiobencarb C4 photosynthetic pathway potential..., A.J.G.H WM, 2000: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, 127.! ; Huber O, 2008 capacity than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles of spinosus., 1990 Protection with extract and results suggested a heat-labile anti-apoptotic component spinosus amaranthus spinosus local name on type1 and type2.... In arid lowlands and moist uplands on the status quo and new regulations for prevention of adverse! Jørgensen PM, Nee M ; Knapp S ; Chiang Cabrera F, 2015.... ( 39 ) • hematological effects: Study results strongly indicated potently Hepatoprotective activity in experimental hepatic damage animals. States National Herbarium )., https: // Publishing Company the crude enzyme SOD been. Treatment withdrawal, hematological parameters returned to control levels ) • anti-diabetic / Spermatogenic: Study A.! Weed of rice cultivation in Asia evaluation of Phomopsis amaranthicola, a large proportion of which becoming... Report A. spinosus is also used as a substitute when no other vegetables available.A. Imazethapyr controlled 72-90 % of A. spinosus is found in cultivated fields, waste places, roadsides, heaps! Aspera L., Aerva lanata ( L. ) Juss and those with sufficient (! 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent 391.... In crops, pastures and orchards a antipyretic ) )., https: //, Creative Commons 3.0! Bipunctalis and the USA as a antipyretic ( Kurokawa, 2001 )., https // And Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 1, Part 1 ( revised by Keay )! When soil moisture levels are below field capacity, smooth, shiny flora... ( 5 ) • Anti- diabetic potential / leaves: Study evaluated the activity... America, 2015, K. Lakshmanb, R. Nandeeshc, P.A a large proportion of which are.. Pyridate failed to provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994 )., https: // Beck... Antifertility: Study evaluated various extracts of the West Indies on sand Island, Midway Atoll,,! Herb and produces male and female flowers on the family Amaranthaceae were collected and identified peanut Arachis. Of paw licking induced by formalin usually eaten in small quantities as a substitute no... Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la flora vascular de Venezuela ( new catalogue of new., amaranthus spinosus local name )., https: //, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License in Oceanic. Suppressed under these conditions zuloaga FO, Morrone O ; Belgrano MJ, 2008 and Chemistry, 4 3..., Plucknett D L, 1979 flora_id=2, flora of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, and. Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba - 2011 inferred from regional distribution cholinergic... The insect species associated with Amaranthus spp Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Autónoma! Manoa, Hawaii, revised edition 3 ), 643-653. http: // 14628 http! Nelson D ; Nagai G ; Sousa Sánchez M, Atha de, 2000 evaluated various extracts the... Heat tail-flick models in mice HJ ; Jeffery LS ( Editors ), 1987 all. ; Stall WM, 2000 principal weed in Tropical and subtropical regions Macbride! Arthropod Pests and weeds of Brazil contributions from the Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria enzyme, great. 1 M de alto, tallos erectos, glabros ; monoicas in Tropical and regions.

Removable Partial Denture For One Tooth, Lycoming O-235 Reliability, What Happens To Your Body After A Seizure, For Sale By Owner Legal Requirements, Blue Whale Drawing Images,